The focus of most attention regarding the South China Seas resources has been on hydrocarbons in general, and on oil in particular. Oil deposits have been found in most of the littoral (adjacent) countries of the South China Sea. The South China Sea region has proven oil reserves estimated at about 7.0 billion barrels, and estimated oil production of around 2.5 million barrels per day. Malaysian production accounts for almost one-half of the regions total. South China Sea production has increased gradually over the past few years, primarily as additional production from China, Malaysia and Vietnam has come online.
Liquefied natural gas, or LNG, is natural gas when processed to its liquid form. When natural gas is cooled down to minus -161 degrees Celsius, the natural gas then becomes a clear, colorless, odorless liquid. Liquefied natural gas, LNG, is neither corrosive nor toxic. The natural gas is primarily methane, with smaller concentrations of other hydrocarbons, water, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen and some sulfur compounds. This oil and gas article on gives a brief overview of LNG.